7 Vectors of Development of College Students
- Developing Competence: intellectual; physical &manual skills- nutrition, exercise, wellness concepts; social & interpersonal competence.
- Managing Emotions: students' ability to manage the key emotions of aggression and sex, increased awareness or emotions and the increased ability to manage them effectively are central to social concerns as well as to a full & rich individual development.
- Developing autonomy: begins with disengagement from parents then peers. In time there is less need for reassurance, affection, or approval (per pressure).
- Establishing identity: students' ability to develop a sense of self by clarifying physical needs, characteristics, and personal appearance through establishment of appropriate sexual identification, roles, and behaviors. These are a pivot- once a student achieves a solid sense of self, changes then occur in the last 3 vectors.
- Freeing Interpersonal Relationship: students' ability to develop an increased tolerance for others, a capacity for intimacy, and relationships based on trust, independence, and individuality. Relationships become less anxious, defensive, and burdened by inappropriate past reactions- become more friendly, spontaneous, warm, and respectful.
- Developing Purpose: students' ability to develop a sense of purpose in their lives, leading to plans and priorities. For males= this vector receives its primary impetus from relationships of increased stability and deepening interests in vocational plans and aspirations. For females= the salience of vocational plans is often complicated by marriage plans or by uncertainties regarding marriage.
- Developing Integrity: students' ability to develop a personally balanced invalid set of beliefs that has internal consistency and provides at least a tentative guide for behavior- a sense of social and personal responsibility. Involves three overlapping stages: the humanizing of values, the personalizing of values, and the development of congruence.